In 2008, Beijing successfully hosted an "unparalleled" Summer Olympic Games, and China's century-old dream came true; in 2022, Beijing will usher in an "unprecedented" Olympic Winter Games and Beijing will become a dual Olympic city.
February 4, 2021 marked the first anniversary of the countdown to the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. Beijing, the "Dual Olympic City", has been busy preparing in an orderly way to offer a wonderful, extraordinary and outstanding sporting event to the world.
Currently, many venues and supporting facilities for the Winter Olympics have been completed, and "Built in China" has attracted worldwide attention – the "Ice Ribbon" flutters in the Olympic Forest Park, the "Water Cube" has changed into the "Ice Cube", and high-value venues such as "Snow Ruyi" – the National Ski Jumping Center, "Crystal Shoe" – the Big Air Shougang, the venue for Ice Hockey – the Wukesong Sports Center, the Winter Olympic Village and the Mountain News Center: they just appeared one after another. "China speed" and "China construction" have once again amazed the world with the strength of Chinese culture and the spirit of craftsmanship.
Sustainable Winter Olympics
If the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games told the story of China's integration into the world, then the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics will tell the story of popularizing winter sports, inspiring the national spirit, displaying China's image and pursuing mutual development with the world.
Beijing Winter Olympics will strive to create rich heritages in sports, economic effect, society, culture, the environment, and urban and regional development. In the planning and construction of venues, China has gathered the world's top technical experts and talent teams, who have adhered to the concepts of energy conservation, environmental protection and sustainability.
Adhering to the concept of "green Olympics", it will pursue the future development of sports buildings, spread Chinese sports values in the new era to the world, and realize sustainable development of the Winter Olympics.
The landmark buildings, intelligent venues, intensive construction, shared utilization and many other advanced concepts are integrated, which sets a new benchmark for us in building stadiums and gymnasiums. Many innovative and leading development concepts and scientific and technological achievements will play an extremely important role for the further development of the industry.
The construction of Winter Olympics venues represents the latest development trend of science and technology. It is also an integration of green design and traditional Chinese culture: there are 13 venues in the Beijing Division, of which 11 are the heritages of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games (nine venue heritages and two land heritages).
Venues for ice sports are closely integrated with traditional Chinese culture, and fully utilize and inherit it in their designs.
The National Speed Skating Oval is known as the "Ice Ribbon" due to its unique design; the National Aquatics Center will be repurposed from the Water Cube to the Ice Cube with a multi-use rink; the National Bobsleigh and Luge Center has a unique architectural form, like a "flying dragon" on a ridge; and the National Ski Jumping Center, featuring two different-sized slopes and its S-type curve resembles the shape of a jade Ruyi scepter, a traditional Chinese ceremonial object－earning it the nickname "Snow Ruyi".
The Big Air Shougang not only absorbs the image of a flying ribbon in Dunhuang, a world cultural heritage in China, but also incorporates high-tech and Chinese cultural elements, so that the concept of "sustainable development of Winter Olympics" is ingeniously integrated into the design, realizing the combination of science and technology and humanities, and inheriting traditional Chinese art and architectural culture.
Brief introduction of main facilities for the Winter Olympics
1, The National Speed Skating Oval, the "Ice Ribbon" ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
The National Speed Skating Oval, also known as the "Ice Ribbon", is a sustainable venue equipped with state-of-the-art technology, including innovative energy-conservation and low-carbon emission techniques. There are 22 tube-shaped lights outside the walls, shaped to give the venue the "Ice Ribbon" name.
2, Reconstruction of the National Aquatics Center (from Water Cube to Ice Cube) ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
The National Aquatics Center will be repurposed from the Water Cube to the Ice Cube with a multi-purpose rink.
3, The Big Air Shougang ©THAD Architectural Design & Research Institute of Tsinghua University
As the first newly built venue for the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games in the transformed Beijing's Shougang Industrial Park, the Big Air Shougang is like a "crystal shoe".
4, The National Bobsleigh and Luge Center ©CAG China Architecture Design & Research Group
The National Bobsleigh and Luge Center is located in the Yanqing competition area in Beijing. The bobsleigh and luge project is known as the "F1 on Snow". It is the fastest project in the Winter Olympics, and has very high requirements for the various rigid demands of the venue.
5, The National Ski Jumping Center ©THAD Architectural Design & Research Institute of Tsinghua University
Featuring two different-sized slopes and located around 1,750 meters above sea level, the center's S-type curve resembles the shape of a jade Ruyi scepter, a traditional Chinese ceremonial object－earning it the nickname "Snow Ruyi".
6, National Biathlon Center ©THAD Architectural Design & Research Institute of Tsinghua University
The National Biathlon Center consists of two parts, namely, the track and the technical building. Biathlon is an all-round snow sport, involving a combination of cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.
7, Genting Snow Park © Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics Organizing Committee
The Genting Snow Park is the venue for the freestyle skiing and snowboarding competition in the 2022 Winter Olympics. There will be six competitions: moguls, aerial skiing, skiing on U-shaped track, slope skiing, chase competition and parallel giant slalom.
8, National Cross-Country Center ©THAD Architectural Design & Research Institute of Tsinghua University
The National Cross-Country Skiing Center and the National Biathlon Center, together with the air corridors connecting them, form the Guyangshu Nordic Center in Zhangjiakou Division of the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics. As the center is similar to the jade ring, it is also called the "Ice Jade Ring".
9, Capital Indoor Stadium ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
The renovated Capital Indoor Stadium will serve as the venue for short track speed skating and figure skating competitions at the 2022 Winter Olympics.
10, National Indoor Stadium ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
After the reconstruction of the National Indoor Stadium, two-way convertibility between winter and summer sports will be realized.
11, Wukesong Sports Center ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
After the reform of ice making and dehumidification system, the Wukesong Sports Center can be ready for ice hockey competitions within six hours.
12, Winter Olympics Village ©BIAD Beijing Institute of Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd
During the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics, it will be used for accommodation, dining and as a social place for participants in the Beijing competition area. After the Winter Olympics, it will continue to operate as public rental housing for talents.
13, Comprehensive Training Base of Winter Sports Management Center of State General Administration of Sport (SSGAC)
The comprehensive training base of the Winter Sports Management Center of the SSGAC has a compact and round shape, and facade lines originating from the ice marks produced by athletes' hard training. It shows the visual characteristics of ice sports.
14, National Alpine Skiing Center ©CAG China Architecture Design & Research Group
It is located on Xiaohaituo Mountain at an altitude of 2,198 meters, to the northwest of Yanqing County of Beijing. The center will undertake competition events including downhill, super giant slalom, giant slalom, slalom, all-round and team events. It is known as the "Pearl in the Crown" for winter sports.
Supporting facilities for the Winter Olympics
1, The Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in the Shougang Industrial Park ©Wu Jiming
The Shougang Industrial Park where the Beijing Organizing Committee for the 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games is located has been transformed to release more usable space and land, and has become a high-end green ecological park with fresh air, where people can feel the integration of industrial civilization and modern science and technology.
2, Gaolu Museum in Shougang Industrial Park ©Wu Jiming
The Gaolu Museum has upgraded industrial facilities to give them a new vitality.
3, Gaoxian Park in Shougang Industrial Park ©Wu Jiming
The Gaoxian Park combines plants with architectural structure and emphasizes the harmonious interaction between nature and people's industrial heritage and nature. It is a public space integrating slow traffic, sightseeing and leisure, as well as fitness and entertainment.
Source: The Civil Engineering & Architectural Society of Beijing